The Montana Historical Society (MHS) was established in Virginia City in 1865 before Montana was even a state. It became a state agency in 1891 (22-3-101 MCA) and is charged with "the use, learning, culture, and enjoyment of the citizens of the state and for the acquisition, preservation, and protection of historical records, art, archival, and museum objects, historical places, sites, and monuments and the custody, maintenance, and operation of the historical library, museums, art galleries, and historical places, sites, and monuments." The Historical Society is governed by a 15-member Board of Trustees appointed by the Governor and is home to six programs: Montana’s Museum—our state history museum, the MHS Research Center and State Archives, the State Historic Preservation Office, the Montana Historical Society Press and publications, Outreach and Interpretation—our educational programs, and the Administration and Centralized Services Division.
The Montana Heritage Center—the new home for the Montana Historical Society—is envisioned to capture the grandeur and excitement of Montana itself. The Montana Heritage Center will be a welcoming place for all people—museum visitors, researchers, educators, school children, tour groups from Montana and beyond—to learn about Montana’s heritage in the shadow of Montana’s State Capitol.
The “Department of Administration Act” of 1963 established the Department of Administration (DOA) as having full custodial care for all state-owned property and grounds within a 10-mile radius of the state capitol (2-17-811 MCA). Unless otherwise directed by specific legislation, DOA has the responsibility for choosing the location of the new Heritage Center. DOA is committed to conducting complete research, reviewing thorough analysis, and considering input from all parties as the design process moves forward. The site selection process will entail review and re-establishment of the Montana Historical Society mission, goals, and project criteria with the steering committee, building committee, and stakeholder groups. At the same time, consultants will conduct data collection and analysis of potential locations based on this input.
After the 59th legislature passed House Bills 5 (authority to fundraise) and 540 ($7.5M in bonds), the Department of Administration solicited for qualified design firms in accordance with Title 18, Chapter 8, Part 2, and CTA Architects/Engineers was appointed in 2007 by then-DOA Director Janet Kelly as required by 18-2-112 MCA. CTA’s appointment is applicable for the full duration of the Project regardless of the timeline involved. Because of the prior funding limitations, CTA was tasked at that time to analyze potential building sites, provide a detailed programmatic space analysis of the Montana Historical Society needs, and develop conceptual plans and cost estimates. This work was completed in 2009. With ten years having transpired between the 2009 concept and today’s funding of the Project by the 66th legislature, CTA has been directed to re-start the design with a fresh, clean-slate approach.
This has not been determined yet. The project will follow statutory procurement requirements for state construction projects.
Yes! Public participation and input is a vital component of the project’s success and additional information will be forthcoming as the Department continues to develop the project’s organizational structure and processes from data collection and analysis to design and construction.
After the 2005 passage of House Bill 5 and House Bill 540 by the 59th legislature, the Department of Administration solicited for consultants to perform detailed space and programmatic needs of the Society, analysis of potential locations for the new facility, and to develop a conceptual plan and cost estimate. That work was completed in 2009 and has been the basis for each subsequent request to the legislature to fund the project.
The 2009 concept for construction at the 6th and Roberts site had two primary components:
- construction of approximately 65,000 new square feet of heritage display, interpretive, restoration/archival, and dual-purpose space (i.e. for MHS and the legislature when in session); and,
- upgrading the existing 95,000 square feet of the 1952 Veterans & Pioneers Building to continue to house MHS operational programs, improve the existing limited display areas, and the existing archive storage spaces (mostly mechanical systems upgrades).
The timeline is dependent upon completion of the site selection process and how that will translate to the design process. A conceptual schedule based upon anticipated data collection, analysis, and stakeholder input is in development and will be forthcoming.
The 2005 Montana Legislature authorized $7.5 million in general obligation bonds and $30 million in authority to seek private donations for the MHS building project. Since that time, nearly $3.5 million has been raised or pledged from private donors and foundations. Until the Montana Legislature passed Senate Bill 338 during the 66th legislature in Spring 2019, funding requests to fill the gap between the bonds and fundraising were unsuccessful.
Senate Bill 338 provides a new revenue source for important infrastructure projects all across Montana. It requires no general fund or reallocation of existing revenues. Senate Bill 338 increases statewide accommodations tax from 3% to 4% ($1.00 per $100.00). This tax is paid by Montana’s visitors and in-state travelers. It will generate $8-10 million per year in new revenue which is to be distributed for historic preservation purposes across Montana in addition to providing funding for construction. According to data from the Institute for Travel and Recreation Research at the University of Montana, approximately 75% of the accommodations spending is by non-resident visitors. This project will utilize the remaining bond authority of $6.7 million from 2005, approximately $34-$36 million of the Senate Bill 338 funding (based upon current revenue projections), and has tasked MHS with a total fundraising target of $10 million.
The total project estimate of $50 million is based upon the 2009 concept adjusted for inflation for construction of the new Montana Heritage Center display and archival space and upgrading the 1952 Veterans’ & Pioneers Building to continue to house MHS operational programs. Other designs may be accompanied by different costs.
In the first five years (January 1, 2020 – December 31, 2024), 80% of the revenue (approximately $34-$36 million) will be applied to help fund the construction of the Montana Heritage Center. The remaining 20% of the revenue (approximately $13 million) will fund a “historic preservation grant program” than provides for infrastructure projects all across Montana for our many museums, local historical societies, and historic sites.
Beginning January 1, 2025, the revenue will be reallocated to:
- Historic Preservation Grant Program
- Infrastructure projects as outlined by HB 553
- Operations and maintenance for the Montana Heritage Center complex
- Distribution to:
- Fish, Wildlife, and Parks
- Montana Department of Commerce
- Regional convention and visitors’ bureaus
- State/Tribal economic development commission
Senate Bill 338 increases statewide accommodations tax from 3% to 4% ($1.00 per $100.00). This tax is paid by Montana’s visitors and in-state travelers. It will generate $8-10 million per year in new revenue. According to data from the Institute for Travel and Recreation Research at the University of Montana, approximately 75% of the accommodations spending is by non-resident visitors.
The economic impact of MHS operations is significant now, but with the Montana Heritage Center, jobs, income, business sales, and local spending will produce a substantial increase in Montana's economy. A 2016 study by the University of Montana's Bureau of Business and Economic Research shows the impact of the Heritage Center would be considerable, including adding new jobs across the state and increasing economic output to $49.3M during construction phase and $21.6M per year thereafter. This is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to create a center worthy of Montana’s wonderful history and its future.
Building a larger facility will ensure the Montana Historical Society will always collect, preserve, interpret, and display the stories that have shaped our lives and our land. We need a new Historical Society large enough to preserve and protect our ever-expanding collections and provide a modern venue for the collections to be exhibited and used by future generations of Montanans. Some of the state’s important artifacts and irreplaceable items are never seen by the public because of the limited display areas presently available in the existing building. Many items that are stored in both on-site and off-site locations are subject to less-than-ideal storage conditions. The new Heritage Center will allow safe and modern storage for MHS’s extensive and priceless collections. The new space will provide public and legislative meeting space, food service, and other amenities. Additional parking is also a top priority for the new Montana Heritage Center as well as grounds for outdoor events and festivals.
This question will be answered through a fresh look at potential sites, re-evaluation of the Montana Historical Society space needs, and development of potential concepts and cost/phasing models.